Northwest Indiana Immigration Lawyer

Are you a foreign national looking to relocate to the United States? Don’t let the daunting immigration process intimidate you. The knowledgeable Northwest Indiana Immigration Lawyers at Immigration JD can help you make sense of your visa application. 

With over 30 years of experience helping clients navigate the immigration system, we have the skills necessary to help you secure your visa or green card. Whether preparing you for the interview process, or helping you gather necessary documents, our attorneys are here to help you every step of the way. 

Immigration lawyers Vivian Khalaf and Omar Abuzir
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    How Do I Become a U.S. Permanent Resident?

    To become a U.S. Permanent Resident, a process known as obtaining a green card, you can choose to  take one of several paths. The most common methods include family sponsorship, employment-based sponsorship, refugee or asylee status, or the annual Diversity Visa Lottery. 

    Family-sponsored applicants must have a qualifying relative, while employment-based applicants need a job offer. Refugees and asylees can apply after meeting the criteria. The Diversity Visa Lottery randomly selects individuals from countries with low U.S. immigration rates. Successful applicants must then go through the application process, including background checks and interviews, to secure permanent residency in the United States.

    What Is the U.S. Naturalization Process?

    The naturalization process in the United States is the legal process by which a non-citizen can become a citizen of the country. To be eligible for naturalization, an individual must meet certain requirements, including:

    • Be at least 18 years old.
    • Be a lawful permanent resident (green card holder) for a designated period of time, usually five years (or three years if married to a U.S. citizen).
    • Have continuously resided in the United States as a lawful permanent resident prior to applying for naturalization.
    • Be able to read, write, and speak basic English.
    • Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of U.S. history and government by passing a civics test.
    • Be a person of good moral character, demonstrated by lack of criminal offenses.

    Once eligibility requirements are met, applicants can begin the naturalization process. The steps in this process include:

    application for permanent resident status


    The applicant must complete and submit Form N-400, Application for Naturalization, to United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). Along with the application, the applicant must provide supporting documents and evidence to prove eligibility.


    Biometrics Appointment

    After submitting the application, the applicant will be scheduled for a biometrics appointment where fingerprints, photograph, and signature will be taken.


    Interview and Civics Test

    The applicant will be scheduled for an interview with a USCIS officer. During the interview, the officer will review the applicant’s application, background, and qualifications for citizenship. The applicant will also be tested on his or her ability to read, write, and speak English, as well as his or her knowledge of U.S. history and government.



    After the interview, the USCIS officer will determine whether to approve or deny the application for naturalization. If approved, the applicant will receive a Notice of Naturalization Oath Ceremony.


    Oath Ceremony

    The final step in the naturalization process is attending the oath ceremony, where the applicant takes the Oath of Allegiance to the United States. After taking the oath, the applicant will receive a Certificate of Naturalization, officially becoming a U.S. citizen.

    What Are the Different Types of Visas Available in Northwest Indiana?

    Tourist (B-2) Visa

    A B-2 Tourist Visa allows non-immigrant entry to the U.S. for recreational or medical purposes, typically for short-term stays.

    Business (B-1) Visa

    A B-1 Business Visa grants non-immigrant entry to the U.S. for business-related activities, such as meetings, conferences, and consultations.

    Student (F and M) Visas

    F and M Student Visas enable international students to pursue academic or vocational studies in the U.S. with program approval.

    Work (H-1B, L-1) Visas

    H-1B and L-1 Work Visas permit foreign professionals and intracompany transferees to work in the U.S., meeting eligibility and employer criteria. H-1B Visas are for specialty occupation workers, while L-1 Visas are for intracompany transferees.

    Family-sponsored Visas (F-2, F-3, IR-1, CR-1)

    Family-sponsored visas, like F-2, F-3, IR-1, and CR-1, allow U.S. citizens or residents to sponsor family members for immigration. F-2 and F-3 Visas are for family members of U.S. citizens, while IR-1 and CR-1 Visas are for spouses of U.S. citizens. 

    Employment-based Immigrant Visas (EB-1, EB-2, EB-3)

    Employment-based Immigrant Visas (EB-1, EB-2, EB-3) offer paths for skilled workers, professionals, and other employees to obtain permanent residency in the U.S.

    Diversity Visa (DV) Lottery

    The Diversity Visa (DV) Lottery randomly selects individuals from countries with low U.S. immigration rates for green card opportunities.

    Refugee and Asylum Status

    Refugee and asylum status provide protection for those fleeing persecution, granting legal residence in the United States due to safety concerns.

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    Immigration lawyer Omar Abuzir
    Omar A. Abuzir
    Immigration Lawyer
    Chicago immigration lawyer Vivian Khalaf
    Vivian Khalaf
    Immigration Lawyer

    Client Testimonials

    5 stars
    “Working with the lawyers at ImmigrationJD was an experience that was unexpected. It was a breeze obtaining my permanent residency and the attorney was with me every step of the way. The process was exactly as it was explained to me at the start and there were no surprises! I highly recommend this law firm”
    ~Juma Amin
    5 stars
    “It was very difficult for me to be separated from my husband while he was overseas waiting for the processing of his immigration papers at the U.S. embassy. My attorney made the process move quicker than I anticipated by being on top of it and making sure the documents were completed properly and efficiently. I was never kept in the dark and updated frequently. We will be back to ImmigrationJD as soon as my husband is ready to file for citizenship”.

    What Is the Visa Application Process?

    The visa application process in America involves several key steps:

    Determine the Visa Type:

    Identify the appropriate visa category based on the purpose of your visit.

    Complete the Visa Application Form and Pay the Visa Fee:

    Fill out the required visa application form accurately, providing all necessary information. Pay the applicable visa application fee, which varies depending on the visa category.

    Gather Supporting Documents:

    Compile necessary documents, including passport, visa application confirmation, photographs, and supporting evidence based on the visa type.

    Schedule and Attend the Visa Interview:

    Attend the scheduled visa interview, where a consular officer will assess your eligibility and intentions.

    Biometric Data Collection:

    Provide biometric information, such as fingerprints, if required.

    After the interview, wait for the visa processing to be completed. Processing times vary by visa type and individual circumstances. Then, you will receive a decision on your visa application. It can be approved, denied, or pending administrative processing. If approved, you can travel to the U.S. within the specified visa validity period.

    The visa application process can vary depending on the category and individual circumstances. Additionally, changes in immigration policies or procedures may impact the process, so applicants should stay informed and consult the official website of the U.S. embassy or consulate for the most up-to-date information.

    How to Get an Employment Visa What Can I Do if My Visa Application Is Denied?

    If your visa application is denied, you have several options. 

    First, carefully review the denial notice to understand the reasons. If the denial is due to a procedural error, consider reapplying with corrections. 

    Alternatively, you may file a motion to reopen or reconsider with U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) or, in some cases, appeal the decision. 

    Consulting an immigration attorney is crucial to navigate these options effectively. He or she can assess your case, advise on the best course of action, and guide you through the appeals process. Timely action is essential, as there are deadlines for filing appeals or motions.

    FAQs About Immigrating to the United States

    How long does the immigration process take?

    The duration of the immigration process in America varies widely based on the visa type and individual circumstances. Simple visas may take a few months, while more complex processes, such as obtaining a green card or citizenship, can take several years. Delays may occur due to administrative backlogs, policy changes, or individual case complexities.

    How can I challenge a deportation order?

    To challenge a deportation order, consult an immigration attorney immediately. Obtain and review the deportation order, file a Notice of Appeal, and prepare a legal brief outlining grounds for challenge. Stay informed about deadlines and cooperate with legal counsel throughout the process to maximize chances of overturning the order.

    What are the requirements for sponsoring family members?

    In the U.S., sponsoring family members requires being a U.S. citizen or permanent resident, with eligibility conditions for different family categories. Financial support and proof of relationship are crucial. Required documents include the Affidavit of Support, proof of citizenship or residency, and evidence of family ties. A Northwest Indiana immigration lawyer can update you on the latest U.S. immigration guidelines.